CHINAMPA AGRICULTURE - A NEW AGRI APPROACH

Chinampa is a type of Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular area of fertile, productive land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Mexican valley. Chinampa were actually artificial islands created for the crops. These lands are provided rich soil for crops with easy, access to water. Chinampa were created by piling mud and decaying plants into small stationary islands on top of which the farmers would sow maize, beans, chilies, tomatoes. Farmers would also grow the colorful flowers used in a variety of their formalities. To stabilize the islands reeds were bound together and used to both border and to help anchor it to the ground.

The raised mud ceased the way for canals and naturally refresh the nutrients in the soil that fed the crops. The resulting system of canals and gardens created a habitat for fish and birds which helped to maintain the health of the ecosystem and also provide additional sources of food. Chinampas agriculture were used to increase food production and to control the flow of water in swamps and bring water to crop in dry lands.

Chinampa system farming sometimes called floating gardens is a form of ancient raised field agriculture used by american communities atleast as early as 1250CE, and successfully used by small farmer today as well. It consists in building up a number of narrow islands each averageing some 6 to 10 meters (20 to 30 feet) wide and some 100 to 200 meters (320 to 650 feet) using layers of vegitation, dirt and mud. The lake provides the chinampa with moisture louden with decomposing organic wastes that irrgate and fertilize the island soil, supporting and intensive and highly productive form of cultivation.

IF AGRICULTURE GOES WRONG, NOTHING ELSE WILL HAVE A CHANCE TO GO RIGHT

- MS.SWAMINATHAN


By Team - FARM CRAFT

THANK YOU...,

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