Different Types of Cattle Breeds and Their Housing System

Team Pravara (Students of Dairy Technology) - C

In 2018, India produced 186 million tons of milk, which was 22% of that year's global total milk production of 843 million tons, according to the UN's - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Milk output grew 5% over 2017 levels in India, while it was just around 1% in the European Union and the US.

You all know that milk we drink in our day to day life is obtained from bovine species (mainly from cows and buffaloes) but you certainly don’t know what the breed of that cattle is. You might also be unaware of the housing system which has a great role in dairy farming. In this blog, you will come to know why is that cattle breeds and housing system are so important to dairy farming and also to us.

Cow milk is yellowish due to the presence of a colouring pigment called Beta- Carotene. Cow milk is a poor source of fat and calories but rich in a variety of minerals, vitamins and proteins. It is also an excellent source of calcium. It is used mostly for making sweets.

Classification of cattle breeds

Indigenous Breeds of cattle

A. Dairy breeds of cattle

1. Gir/Gyr (Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi and Surati)

Origin - Gir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat.

Colour - White with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red.

Milk yield – 1200 to 1800 kgs.

2. Red Sindhi (Red Karachi and Sindhi)

Origin - Karachi and Hyderabad district of Pakistan.

Colour - Red with shades varying from dark red to light, strips of white.

Milk yield – 1100 to 2600 kgs.

3. Deoni (Dongerpati, Dongari, Wannera, Waghyd, Balankya, Shevera)

Origin - Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka and western Andhra Pradesh states.

Colour - Usually spotted black and white.

Milk yield - 636 to 1230 kgs.

B. Indigenous Draught breeds of cattle

1. Hallikar

Origin - Former princely state of Vijayanagarm, presently part of Karnataka.

Colour - Grey.

The breed is best known for its draught capacity and especially for its trotting ability.