Formal garden design

Team: West girls

Formal gardens are geometrical, symmetrical, impeccable, and majestic. This classic style of gardening originated in persia, and the courtyard gardens of the islamic tradition, the mughal gardens of Asia, the italian Renaissance gardens, the intricate french parterre, and the english knot gardens of the Elizabeth and age are all variation of this genre. With a few planning tips and a basic understanding of this design, you can create your own formal garden in the privacy of your own backyard

Advantages of a formal garden

Formal gardens mat at first seem like they require a lot of work, but they do offer some very nice advantages for your landscape. This type of garden is ideal for a small plot since it gives an impression of space and adds grandeur to the house. Since the plantings are limited in variety, they can be maintained easily in ideal cultural conditions. Except for flower beds with annuals all shrubs and trees are permanent features, which keeps recurring costs low. Devoid of clutter, a formal garden is very relaxing for the mind and body.

Planning a formal – style garden

Accurate planning is necessary during both the design and execution phases. Take into account the size and shape of the garden, it’s practical purpose, as well as the natural features of the land.

Preparing the land

Elaborate preparation may be necessary to make the plot suitable for a formal garden. A naturally flat terrain is ideal. Minor unevenness can be easily leveled with earth moving equipment. If there are major level differences, plan a stepped garden at two levels.

Defining the perimeter

A square or rectangular plot can be used as it is, but an irregularly shaped area needs to be trimmed into a regular shape. Talk hedges or high walls can demarcate the garden area from the rest of the plot. The main gate into the property may have to be relocated to fall in straight line from the main axis of the garden.

Planning the layout

The layout should ideally be plotted on paper with exact measurements since it has to be carried to the site for actual execution. For the main geometrical shape, choose a circle square, or rectangle stretching strings across stakes fixed in the ground can help you plot the straight lines from the plan on the ground. Symmetry is an important aspect of any formal garden, so the areas falling on either side of the main axis should be planned as mirror images. If the garden is intended for entertaining guests, plan on incorporating large open areas and seating arrangements into your plan. Wrought iron garden furniture complements a formal garden quite nicely.

BY TEAM: WEST GIRLS (B.voc - Horticulture - first year - group no. 3)

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