GLOBAL IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON AGRICULTURE


Team - AGRI PIRATES


Hello everyone ,i hope you all are safe at home during this unfortunate situation , as we know the current panic issue in the world " COVID -19 " now in India too which is causing drastic loss to the Nation in terms of health, economy , agriculture and many more by creating an interruption of farm activities day by day , in this current article we will go through some of the problems facing by the farmers and mitigation measures took by the central government.


INTRODUCTION :

The ongoing health crises around COVID-19 has affected all over the world. Now, the main priority of the nation is to protect lives of people suffering from this disease. During this suffering and challenging times, How does agriculture respond the crises? How do government measures effect several farm households across the country?

MEASURES TAKEN BY THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT :


  • Immediately after the nation-wide lockdown was announced, the Indian finance minister declared an INR 1.7 trillion package mostly to protect various section(including farmers) from adverse impacts of corona pandemic.

  • The announcement of other benefits, contain – Release of INR 2000 to bank accounts of farmers as income support under PM KISAN scheme.

  • The government also raised the wage rate for workers engaged under the NREGS, worlds largest wage guarantee scheme.

  • Under the special scheme to take care of the vulnerable population, Pradhan mantri garib kalyan yojana ( prime minister’s scheme for welfare of the poor ) has been announced.

  • Additional grain allotments to register beneficiaries were also announced for the next three months.

  • Cash and food assistance to persons engaged in the informal sector, mostly migrant laborers, have also been announced for which a separate PM-CARES (prime minister citizen assistance and relief in emergency situations ) fund has been created.

  • The ICAR has issued state-wise guidelines for farmers and advised them specific practises during harvest and threshing of various Rabi crops as well as post-harvest storage and marketing of farm produce. Agricultural loans have been granted a moratorium( a legal authorization to postpone payments) of three months ( till may 31st) in banks with 3% concession on the interest of loans upto INR 3,00,000.


IMMEDIATE CHALLENGES :


  • Severe disruption is rises for fruits, vegetables, dairy products, etc., has increased its demand.

  • The sale of dairy products, fish poultry, etc., has also reduced due to the shortage of workforce and transport issues.

  • As this ongoing lock down coincides with Rabi season, farmers across the country lookup to the government to ensure uninterrupted harvesting.

- www.icrisat.org

Generally, there are 4 specific things farmers, farm families, agricultural employers, and employees need to be aware of and plan for. They are :


1. Markets and farm prices :

  • Consumers were making tough choices about food, eating away from home and overall spending due to growing levels of social distancing, reduced travel , etc.

  • There are some disruptions in food service sales.

  • This will likely have an impact on markets and prices.


2. Supply chains slowdowns and shortages :

  • The virus is spreading more broadly in various states which is creating a huge losses in agriculture.

  • We could also see issues with farm product delivery and pickup as the workers (or) drivers for example


  • staying home due to illness or because for their family members or children.