HEALTH BENEFITS OF MILLETS AND A RECIPE

By team “Shakthi”



We hope you are all safe and healthy during this lockdown period. For the safety of us, our family, and our country, it is essential that we stay home and not go out. We know it is a difficult task, but we have to, as we are the ones who play an important role in preventing the spread of COVID-19. In addition to the prevention measures laid down by the government, we must change our diet and improve our immunity.

Millets have many health benefits which can be useful for our body.

WHAT ARE MILLETS?

Millets are cereal crops or grains that are widely grown in semi-arid tropical regions in Asia and Africa. In fact, India is among the largest producers of millets. In Telugu millets are called “Siri Dhanyalu”.

Traditionally millets were the major grains grown and consumed in India. But with the coming of the Green Revolution and Western Food influences, our diets shifted to rice and wheat. And sadly towards refined wheat flour and white polished rice which strips them of their nutrition. But in the past few years, thanks to the “healthy food revolution”, millets are slowly coming back into our diets.

Millets are generally divided into two broad categories:

  1. Naked grains

  2. Husked grains.

Naked grains:

These grains are largely cultivated and they do not possess hard and indigestible seed coat. Naked grains include:

Finger millet - Ragi

This millet is rich in proteins and amino acids and is gluten-free. It helps to aid brain in growing children. Various types of porridge and alcoholic beverages are also prepared from the seeds.

Great millet/Sorghum - Jonna

Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. It's rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. It's an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. It is especially valued in hot and arid regions for its resistance to drought and heat.


Pearl millet/Bajra-Gantilu

It is a nutrient-dense millet. It contains minerals such as calcium, magnesium, protein, fibre, and iron. Consuming pearl millet on a daily basis can help fight against Type ΙΙ Diabetes.

Husked grain:

These millet grains consist of an indigestible seed coat that has to be removed before consumption. Husked grains include:

Foxtail millet-Korra/Korralu

This millet contains iron and calcium which helps to strengthen our immunity, balance the blood sugar levels, and also helps to regulate body cholesterol.



Little millet- Samalu

This millet is high in fibre and is filled with numerous minerals such as potassium, calcium, iron, zinc, and vitaminB. To lose weight little millet is a great option.

Koda millet-Arikelu/Arika

Kodo millet is very easy to digest, it contains a high amount of lecithin and is excellent for strengthening the nervous system. Kodo millets are rich in B vitamins, especially niacin, B6, and folic acid, as well as minerals such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and zinc.