INFANT FOODS-ITS IMPORTANCE AND IMPACT

Are you worried about how and what to feed your infants in this lock down period🙄?

Be happy😊. We got you covered.😎

The good news is that, amidst the lock down, the food processing industries and the infant food formulating plants are working hard to provide food to mankind.

Welcome Back.

We are the Team Vasista. We welcome you to yet another interesting blog post about Infant Foods.

Quality over Quantity

If the Quality of food fed to infants does not meet their nutrient requirements, then the food is deficient in micro nutrients such as the vitamins and minerals that are needed for their growth and development.


Why is it so important?

Under nutrition in infants is estimated to be associated with 2.7 million child deaths annually or 45% of all child deaths. Infant and young child feeding is a key area to improve child survival and promote healthy growth and development. The first 2 years of a child’s life are particularly important, as optimal nutrition during this period lowers morbidity and mortality, reduces the risk of chronic disease, and fosters better development overall.


IMPACT OF INFANT FOOD:


INTRODUCTION

What is infant? An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the more formal or specialized synonym for "baby", the very young offspring of a human. The term may also be used to refer to juveniles of other organisms.

What is Infant food?

  • Breast feeding alone is adequate to maintain growth and development up to 6 Months. And complementary feeding should be given to maintain their growth and development according to age. So it is necessary to introduce more concentrated energy rich nutritional supplements by this age.

  • Infant also need iron containing food supplements to prevent iron deficiency, anemia.

  • The Indian government adopted a national code for protection and promotion of breast feeding in 1983.

Definition:

Complementary feeding or weaning is the process of giving an infant other foods and liquids along with breast milk after the age of 6 months as breast milk alone is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional requirements of growing baby. It is the process by which the infant gradually becomes accustomed to adult diet.


Infant formula:

  • Infant formula is a manufactured food designed and marketed for feeding babies and infants under 12 months of age, usually prepared for bottle-feeding or cup feeding from powder (mixed with water) or liquid (with or without additional water).

  • Manufacturers state that the composition of infant formula is designed to be roughly based on a human mother's milk.

  • The most commonly used infant formulas contain purified cow's milk whey and casein as a protein source, a blend of vegetable oils as a fat source, lactose as a carbohydrate source, a vitamin-mineral mix, and other ingredients depending on the manufacturer.

Milk based formulas:

  • Containing milk components such as casein or whey protein.

  • These formulas typically start with cow milk as a base.

  • This type of formula is fortified with extra nutritional elements.

Animal or vegetable fat based formulas:

  • Containing vegetable and/or milk components.

  • Formula made with vegetable derived milk or a limited amount of cow's milk derived components.

  • Most vegetable derived formulas are soybean based.

Non-milk based formulas:

  • Containing no milk components.

  • These are the formulas for infants who have a strong sensitivity to both cow's and soy milk.

  • Formulas are available in three forms: powder, liquid concentrate, and ready-to feed.

  • Powder and liquid concentrate are less expensive but they require mixing/dilution prior to use.