Be organic Be healthy
Introduction : Organic farming has been practiced in India for thousands of years .It is an alternative agricultural system. This is involved with the natural methods like crop rotation, biological pest control, compost etc. The main theme of organic farming is to maintain crop and yield production without using of pesticides or any other chemical fertilizers. The concepts of organic agriculture were developed in the early 1900s by Sir Albert Howard, FH king, Rudolf Steiner and others who believed that the use of animal manures, biologically based pest controls results in a better farming system.
1. Farmers can reduce their production costs because they don’t need to buy expensive chemicals and fertilizers.
2. In the long term organic farms are energy savers and protects the environment. 3. It can also slowdown global warming.
4. Pollution of ground water is stopped.
INDIA is home to 30% of the total organic producers in the world, but accounts for just 2.59% [1.5m hectares] of the total organic cultivation area 57.8m hectares. According to International Fund for Agriculture and Development, India has more than 15000 certified organic farms and are generally more profitable and environmental friendly.
Currently India ranks 33rd in terms of total land under organic cultivation and 88th in terms of the ratio of agricultural land under organic crops to farming area.
Today the land under organic cultivation is 4.43m hectares and is increasing at a steady rate. The government of India is promoting organic farming in the country, Narendra Modi introduced “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana" [PKVY] under which 2lakh hectares has been made suitable for organic farming there by benefiting 5lakh farmers.
Present status: India holds a unique position among 172 countries practicing organic agriculture; it has 650000 organic producers,699 processors,699 exporters and 720000 hectares under cultivation.
How can we improve Organic farming:
1. Crop rotations to suppress disease and support beneficial insect communities. 2. Cover cropping to fix nitrogen 3. To make or to prepare compost and vermi compost to build organic matter and manage weeds. 4.To encourage sustainable agriculture.