By Team - AGRI GROWTH
INTRODUCTION: Multi-layer farming means growing and cultivating campatible plants of different heights on the same field and at the same time. It is generally practiced in orchards and plantation crops for the utmost use of solar energy even under high planting density.
MULTI-LAYER FARMING: Multi-layer farming is mostly cash crop-based and it includes a combination of vegetables and fruits that can be grown together. In multi-layer farming, the crops are grown at different heights on the same land . This farming cannot be done in open fields as shade is required.
Multilayer farming is also called multistoried cropping and multi-tire farming. It is one type of intercropping. Growing plants of different height in the same field at the same time is termed as multi-layer croppig.it is generally practiced in orchards and plantation crops for maximum use of solar energy even under high planting density. It is the practice of several crops of varying heights, rooting pattern and duration to cultivate together. The objective of this multi-layer system of cropping is to utilize vertical space more effectively. In this multi- layer system the tallest components have foliage of strong light and high evaporative demand and shorter components with foliage requiring shade and high humidity.
This multi-layer cropping technique allows the farmers to get a good result of harvest and more earning on the same piece of land by using available sources such as fertilizers, water,seeds ,etc.. multi-layer farming also solves the problem of the feeding of the large size of the population due to the shortage of cultivated land.
CROPS SUITED FOR MULTI-LAYER FARMING:
VEGITABLE CROPS: Bhendi , chili , tomoto , brinjal.
CREAPING VEGITABLES: Bottle gourd, bitter gourd, ash gourd, pumpkin.
SHALLOW-ROOTED CROPS: Onion, garlic, cabbage, cauliflower .
ROOT CROPS: Elephant foot yam, arum, sweet potato.
LEAFY VEGETABLES: Amaranthus, Ipomoea.
SHADE LOVING CROPS: Turmeric, ginger
TREE CROPS ATE THE BOUNDERY: Drumstick, subabul.
PLANTATION CROPS: Coconut, areca nut ,coffee, cashew
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF MULTI-LAYER FARMING:
Opportunities for crop diversification on scientific, ecological principles .
Maximize system productivity.
Utilization of resources with higher efficiency.
Intensive input use.
Sustainability of farm resources and environment on long term perspective. This system mostly compresses and over story of trees or shrubs with an under story of economic or forage crops. Trees-to-Trees distance can be wide enough to let sufficient light through the under story crops.
BENEFITS OF THE MULTI-LAYER SYSTEM:
Multi-layer farming incentivized them to switch to a more sustainable type of farming and simultaneously meet the food and nutrient requirements of the house hold, while also generating income from cash crop production
Good utilization of soil water, and other resource.
Reduces whether the effect on the crop field and improves the soil characteristics
Keep economical balance in the environment.
Prevent water evaporation ;from the soli as an effect,70% of water is saved.
The income per unit are increases substantially with this system and ensures a more evenly distribution of income and employment through out the year from harvesting several crops in a different season.
Minimize risks of crops yield lose this system enables the study supply of farms products the whole the round year.
Generates jobs and provides better labor use pattern.
Reduce the impacts of hazards such as high intensity rain fall, soil erosion, and land slight.
Well utilize the soil moisture at different depths of soil and catches solar energy at different heights.
Natural resources are utilized accurately .
Improves the soil characteristics and adds organic matter to the soli.
Effective utilization of leaching material and helps in effective weed control.
It provides partial guaranty against the market glut of the single commodity and the efficient cultivation of a range of products is possible. Crops can be developed according to market preference.
Higher production as a cultivation procedure is accelerated.
Reduce some pest and diseases, and weed does not come out. Increase bio-diversity which can reduce pest and disease pressure .
Provide micro-climate conditions that advantage crops underneath.
PROCESS OF MULTI-LAYER FARMING:
LAND PREPARATION: It requires
One deep ploughing followed by harrowing .
Add two tons of FIM per acre.
Spread Ghanajeevaamrutam evenly on the field surface.
Prepare bunds of 36x36 meter square area with the area help of rope and tape by leaving one and half feet.
Prepare irrigation channels of one and half feet in between each plot