Organic Milk-Consumer Friendly Milk

Created by Team Pravara (DT Students)

The milk we consume in our day to day life is obtained from dairy industries where they use conventional milk which may be contaminated by pesticides, fertilizers, hormones, antibiotics, Geneticlly Modified foods, urea or fertility hormone residues. So, actually we are daily taking these poisonous elements inside our body unknowingly. Although FSSAI (Food safety and Standard Authorities of India) regulatory authority is there to check this type of contaminated milk. But this is impossible to check all the milk produced in a big country like India where more than 50% milk sold in unorganized sector. Thus, organic milk is the only solution to save our lives from these poisonous elements.

What is organic milk?

Any milk that is obtained from cows that are fed with organic fodder grown on chemical-free soil and that are not injected with antibiotics and hormones, qualifies as organic milk.

Advantages of organic milk over conventional milk

  1. Milk is free from hormones, antibiotics, pesticides.

  2. Cattles are fed with organic food and grass.

  3. Good source of omega-3 fatty acids which can help us to prevent so many diseases.

  4. Maintain good ratio of omega-3 fatty acids to omega-6 fatty acids.

  5. Organic farming does not pollute the environment.

Present status of organic milk production throughout the world

Principles of Organic Dairying

Organic dairy production differs from conventional systems. In this regard, the national standards for Organic Production developed by Ministry of Commerce and Industry provides guidelines for organic production in India. Some of those relevant to organic dairying are briefed below.

Conversion Period

Establishment of organic animal husbandry requires an interim period, termed the conversion period. With regard to dairy and animal production, the length of the conversion period should not be less than 30 days.

Breeds and Breeding

  • Breeds should be choosen which are adaptable to local condition.

  • Natural reproduction should be followed - embryo transfer techniques are not allowed.

  • Hormonal heat treatments are not allowed.

  • Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) are strictly forbidden.

Animal Husbandry Management

  • Management should ensure sufficient free movement of animals, fresh air and natural day light according to animal needs.

  • Ample access to fresh water and feed according to animal needs.

  • Enough lying and resting area along with natural bedding.

  • Certain surgical procedures like tail docking are prohibited.

  • An organic farmer must keep sufficient records to verify his compliance with the standards.

  • Each farm is inspected and audited every year. Any farm can be inspected unannounced at any time.

Animal Nutrition and Feeding

  • Cows and calves are fed 100% organic feed.

  • Organic crops, hay and pasture are grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.

  • Organic animals may not be fed any slaughter by-products, urea etc.

  • Calves must be fed organic milk only as synthetic milk replacers are prohibited.

Animal Health and Veterinary Medicines