Probiotics: It's Role to Improve Immunity to Fight against COVID-19

Hello everyone, hope all of you are be safe at home. Here we come up with a new interesting topic for health-conscious people called probiotics - a new generation food.

What are probiotics?..

Probiotic has derived from the Greek word – “pro bios” which means “for life". It is also called as a superfood. Probiotics are the live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a definite health benefit on the host.

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These probiotics have been shown to exert a wide range of effects because selected viable microorganisms used as dietary supplements having potential for improving health. They can be found mostly in dairy products such as in Yogurt, Yakult, Bioghurt and other fermented dairy foods, dietary supplements, and beauty products.

Image Courtesy: Adobe Stock Photos

Image Courtesy: Adobe Stock Photos

Although people often think of bacteria and other microorganisms as harmful “germs,” many are actually helpful but people are not aware about those organisms. These probiotic bacteria helps to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, or produce vitamins and other components, which increases and boosts the immunity. In this blog not only probiotics we will see the prebiotics and synbiotics also.

What types of bacteria are present in probiotics?..

Probiotic may contain a variety of microorganisms. The most common group of probiotic microorganisms belongs to the group called Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. The following are the some of the probiotic strains and their origin.

Are prebiotics the same as probiotics?..

No, prebiotics are not the same as probiotics. Prebiotics are the non-digestible food components that selectively stimulate the growth or activity of desirable microorganisms or in general, prebiotics are the food for probiotic organisms.

What are synbiotics then?..

Synbiotics are products that are combination of probiotics and prebiotics.

What are COVID-19?..

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China. The virus is primarily spread between people during close contact, often via small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, or talking. While these droplets are produced when breathing out, they usually fall to the ground or onto surfaces rather than being infectious over long distances. People may also become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their eyes, nose, or mouth. The virus can survive on surfaces up to 72 hours. It is the most contagious during the first three days after the onset of symptoms.

What are Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19?..

Those infected with the virus may be asymptomatic or develop flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Emergency symptoms include difficulty breathing, persistent chest pain or pressure, confusion, difficulty in walking, and bluish face or lips. Immediate medical attention is advised if these symptoms are present. Less commonly, upper respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose or sore throat may be seen. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea have been observed.

How might probiotics work?..

Probiotics are live microorganisms promoted with claims that they provide health benefits when consumed, generally by improving or restoring the gut flora. Probiotics are considered as generally safe to consume. Major probiotic mechanisms of action include enhancement of the epithelial barrier, increased adhesion to intestinal mucosa, and concomitant inhibition of pathogen adhesion, competitive exclusion of pathogenic microorganisms, production of anti-microorganism substances and modulation of the immune system.

What are the important health benefits of Probiotics?..

Probiotics may have a variety of health beneficial effects in the body, and different probiotics may act in different ways.